Shorty Bull Standard


GENERAL

Shorty Bulls are compact and muscular bulldogs, bred for a degree of function and overall health while still retaining some of the classic bulldog features.   They are of small stature but should not be fragile or refined in build. They are incredibly agile. Shorty Bulls have a strong desire to please, are highly intelligent and are naturally outgoing. Shorties make excellent family dogs and are very tolerant of children and other animals. They are bred to be well-rounded family companions first and foremost. Shorty Bulls have a zest for life and have naturally comical personalities. Shorty Bulls can easily adapt to different lifestyles and are at home in a metropolitan setting as well as a rural environment. They are bred for their versatility and all around ease of maintenance while still being an active dog of bulldog style to be enjoyed by young and old alike. Grooming is minimal. Shorty Bulls should be very balanced in temperament and never be extremely shy or aggressive.

HEIGHT

15 “and under (Over 15” is a Disqualification). Dogs should be measured with an official wicket at the highest point of withers.

WEIGHT

The Shorty Bull should have an approximate weight of 40 pounds. Over 40 pounds in weight should not be faulted when the weight is in proportion to their height.
Obesity is a fault. Females generally weigh less than males. Shorty Bulls may be over 40 pounds but should never exceed 45 pounds at show weight. Weight should always be in the form of girth, depth, muscle and bone but not excessive adipose tissue.

TEMPERAMENT

An ideal Shorty Bull is good-natured and even-tempered. The Shorty Bull should be confident, outgoing and stable. Adult dogs may exhibit some same sex aggression and this is to be expected when their territory or personal space is invaded. Extreme shyness or non-agitated aggression is a fault. Aggression toward humans is a never permitted and is a disqualification resulting in automatic dismissal from the ring.

__________________________________________________________________________20 Points

HEAD

The head is round and brachycephalic but not to an exaggerated degree. The muzzle should have breadth and depth and should come out from the skull, not be indented or pushed up between the eyes. A short muzzle is called for with fill across the bridge and should never be snipey, pointed or narrow. There should be chiseled and distinct indentions below each eye on the cheeks and some wrinkling on the forehead separated by a furrow in the midline of the front of the skull moving over the top skull into the occiput. Heavy, thick wrinkles or excessive roping across the bridge of the muzzle is a fault. Skin on the face and head should be tight, not drooping. Shorty Bulls should have thick short flews on either side of the mouth. Extremely pendulous flews in excess of an inch past the level of the bottom jaw are faulted on exaggeration. Full pigment around eyes, mouth and nose are preferred and a lack of pigment is a cosmetic fault. Black, smoke or liver colored pigment is allowed. Dudley noses are a cosmetic fault. Nose should be fully pigmented and have open nostrils. Tightly pinched nostrils are a fault. Nose may turn up slightly but excessive layback is faulted on exaggeration.

BITE

All Shorty Bulls must be undershot. An overbite is a disqualification. Excessively undershot to the point of being prognathous is a fault. The bottom center front teeth in the lower mandible may slightly show, but bottom canines should not be visible when mouth is closed. Bear in mind that the degree of undershot, or distance from the inside of the bottom lower teeth to the front side of the upper teeth in the under bite is not as important in measurement as the physical teeth that are exposed when the mouth is closed. There is no measurement for a perfect undershot bite. It is desired that the jaws resemble a clamp and close with the upward curve from the bottom mandible ending at the upper mandible with a “V” in the center of the top lip starting the line up the center of the muzzle to the nose. The underjaw is a very defining feature of this breed and one of the points of the expression important to this breeds defining type. The underjaw should be wide and have a good curve to the bottom mandible, which finishes off the round shape of the head when viewed from the side. A lack of underjaw is a major fault. A straight mandible is a fault. A straight and long lower mandible with exposed bottom canines in the dogs’ natural state is a disqualification. A wry jaw is a major fault.

EYES

May be of any color but brown is preferred over all other colors. Eyes should set far apart, be almond shaped and be set in the skull.   Large rounded eyes are not preferred. Protruding eyes are a major fault. Eyes of unsymmetrical color are allowed and not faulted. Glass eyes are a fault. Chips of color in an eye are not faulted. Walleyes or crossed eyes are a fault.

EARS

Ears are cropped short and should resemble horns on the sides of the head when dog is at attention. In countries where cropped ears are not allowed, dogs may show with natural ears that are either dropped or rose and ears MUST BE symmetrical. In countries where ear crops are illegal, prick ears are an automatic disqualification from the show ring. In the USA, all shorty Bulls MUST have cropped ears to enter the show ring, uncropped dogs should be dismissed from the ring immediately. Ideal ear set has good width in comparison to head size and should sit on top of the skull. Ears set low on the sides of the head are allowed but not preferred.

__________________________________________________________________________10 Points

 

BODY

Body should be short from withers to tail. The back length in order to appear square should be approximately 1 ½ inches longer than the height at withers. A back that is too short will give a leggy appearance and a shorty bull should always appear to be a short, sturdy, compact animal. Chest should be broad for height and have a depth reaching the elbow. A cathedral chest or a wishbone chest is a fault. The chest should reach the level of the elbow joint. A lack of depth in the chest is a fault. Front legs that extend directly down from either side of a chest that lacks width is allowable but should be taken into consideration when judging the dog with the proper width between the shoulder joints when viewed from the front. The width of chest should be wide but not exaggerated so as to push shoulders out or so low slung as to cause a sway in the spine. A compact look is desired, width of front and hindquarters should be proportionate, not lending to a narrow rear. The Shorty Bull should be a girthy animal, not thin or racy in appearance. The chest may be broader than the rear and narrow hindquarters are a fault. In a perfect Shorty Bull, the hindquarters should be very muscular on inner and outer thighs. Hindquarters should be defined by bulging muscle creating lines in the hind legs. Defined muscles on either side of the tail, directly above the rear angle of the hip joint are present in a Shorty Bull of perfection. Lack of rear muscle is a major fault. Ribs in the shorty bull should be well sprung with a curve to the sides of the rib cage. Slab sides are a minor fault. The belly should be tucked up and a lack of muscle tone to hold the belly in place is fault.

__________________________________________________________________________10 Points

SHOULDERS AND RUMP

The shoulders should be properly angulated in order to give the dog proper shock absorption and aid in smooth movement. The shoulders should be well muscled and like the rear, the muscle group on each shoulder of the ideal shorty bull should be defined with lines and curves of muscle bulges. The neck should be well muscled and well arched resembling the neck of a bull. The neck must be short and never appear long. An ideal shorty bull has a line of definition beginning at the occiput of the skull and running down the center of the spine to the tail. The topline on an ideal Shorty Bull should slope gradually down to the rear. A slight rise over the loins will be seen in this breed and should be taken into consideration as being allowed but NOT PREFERRED. The degree of rise in all other toplines should be taken into consideration. A sway back or any noticeable deep dip behind the shoulders moving into a rise over the top line is a fault. The sloping topline is ideal and preferred above all others, the level topline is good and the rise of the loins is considered allowable to degree but never preferred. The rise over the loins is allowed now due to the evolution of this breed.   Breeders breeding to this standard coupled with judges judging to this standard will in time eliminate the rise completely, however, at this point in the evolution, we must make note that it is present to varying degrees in this breed and will take time to eliminate completely. The topline is a major component in the structure of an ideal Shorty Bull. The Shorty Bull should never appear long backed or excessively longer than it is tall and a back too short should be equally faulted. A back too short will be less than the height from the withers to the ground.

LEGS

Legs should be heavy boned and in direct proportion to the body. Long legs in proportion to the body or fine bones are a serious fault. The front legs should flow down into upright pasterns and clean tight feet with short toes held tightly together. Shoulders should be parallel to the body, not loose or swung out from the body making the front legs turn in toward each other at feet (pigeon toes) Front legs should not be tight to chest, coming directly straight under the dog but should be on the sides of chest in order to complement the width while still being parallel to the body. When viewed from the top down, standing over the dog, all feet should point forward, neither turning in or out and elbows should point directly back not out to sides. Cow hocks and pigeon toes are a fault. The hind legs should be angulated and muscled to power the rear of the dog. Straight stifles are a major fault. Cow hocks and twisted hocks are a fault. Rear movement should be powerful and forward in motion, not crabbing or flying out to sides when moving.

FEET

Tight feet and straight pasterns are desired. Splayed feet and weak pasterns are a fault. Toes should be short and fit tightly together and be well knuckled up. Flat feet or hare feet are a fault.

TAIL

Tail must be short, either docked or screwed. No long tails permitted in the show ring. Length of tail dock ideally should be very short, leaving an inch to 2 inches, but no attention should be given to length of docked tail unless it is over 3 inches, which would be a cosmetic flaw. In countries where tail docking is illegal, the tail must be short and screwed or a natural bob to show. Kinked tails longer than 3 inches, long tails, half tails or any combination of the aforementioned with a length greater than 3 inches will not be allowed in the ring.

__________________________________________________________________________10 Points

COLOR/COAT

Coat must be short and tight to the body. Ideal coat is shiny and soft, never fuzzy, bristled or rough. Fringing that resembles long hair of any sort anywhere on the animal is a fault.

Acceptable colors shall be all shades of brindle, red, fawn, fawn with black mask, cream, tan, chocolate, liver, white, black, or blue in varying shades of the listed colors, in solids of the listed colors and in the piebald patterns of the listed colors. Merle, Black and Tan or Black/Chocolate/Liver with ANY shade of cream or tan points is unacceptable. Tri is unacceptable. Patterning resembling tan/cream points with any shade of brown/cream/tan around mouth, on points above eyes, ears, cheeks, legs underbelly and under tail all or in part will not be accepted. No accepted color has preference over other colors.

__________________________________________________________________________10 Points

MOVEMENT/GAIT/COORDINATION

Movement is the test of structure. Remember the topline when evaluating movement and take it in to consideration as different toplines are caused by differences in structure and result in differences in movement. In an ideal shorty Bull, the preferred movement is shown to be smooth and fluid and is demonstrated by the topline during the gait. The dog should be propelled forward by powering off of a well muscled and correctly structured rear driven by properly angulated hind legs. The Shorty Bull should not have the shuffling gait of an English bulldog due to the differences in the anatomical assembly of the dog’s construction discussed in the previous sentence. You will see a shuffling or rolling gait with a dog that exhibits a rise over the loins and improper angulation coupled with extreme width and a low, forward center of gravity. All of this structure and placement gives us the movement.   Weak rear movement, paddling in the front, toeing in or out, crossing over, or restricted movement is not desirable. An ideal shorty Bull should move with coordination and movement should be effortless and smooth. All feet should point forward during movement in a perfect Shorty Bull. Crabbing or legs moving too close in rear are a fault.

__________________________________________________________________________20 Points

OVERALL IMPRESSION:

The Shorty Bull should ALWAYS be distinct in own type and not resemble any of its ancestors too closely. A lack of type is a major fault in any breed, but a lack of type in an evolving breed is completely unacceptable and detrimental to the breed’s future.

The Ideal Shorty bull should exhibit a bouncy and confident air and should give the impression that it enjoys the show ring. A bouncy, alert and attentive demeanor should be commonly seen with this breed and a sullen temperament should be noted as uncharacteristic and taken into consideration when judging the total dog.

__________________________________________________________________________20 Points

Maximum Points Possible is a score of 100 Points

 

This standard was clarified in October of 2014. Revisions and/or clarifications are at the sole discretion of Breed Founder Jamie Sweet and may be performed at any time without notice as this breed evolves.

 

Jamie Sweet

Bull Breed Coalition President and Shorty Bull Breed Founder

California Gold Shorty Bull

Working and Conformation Shorty Bulls.


Type your paragraph here.

​​                                                        By Jamie Sweet, Shorty Bull's Founder


What began as a personal challenge to test my own breeding theories and to conquer the quest to custom build a bulldog became the Shorty Bull as we know it today. By combining the traits I wanted to preserve and by using several established breeds the Shorty Bull is now it’s own breed and carries it’s own distinct traits and characteristics that sets it apart from the foundation breeds used in the process.

        Many of the Shorty Bulls have received their Canine Good Citizen Certifications over the years. Some of my personal Shorties have received their ATTS certifications from the American Temperament Testing Society. Stability and strong nerves are a high priority and I hope to continue to pass that on through the generations. Shorties should be balanced and well rounded, being able to adapt to many different situations and environments. Shorties should never be extremely shy or overly aggressive, although some may develop dominance issues as they age leading them to believe they are bigger than they actually are. Most Shorties do well with other animals when raised together or introduced at a young age but problems can arise when dominant Shorties are introduced to members of the same sex that are also dominant.

         Developed as companion animals, Shorty Bulls are novelty dogs. They are strictly for enjoyment. Given their size, they meet many of the restrictions for city dwellings and adapt easily to a metropolitan lifestyle. Being durable, they are also at home on the farm in a rural setting living outside.

        Shorty Bulls are economical to feed and as a whole are generally very healthy, putting the need for veterinary care at a minimum. Most Shorty Bulls breed and whelp on their own with litters ranging from four puppies to as many as ten with six being the average litter size. As with any breed, an occasional cesarean section may be needed if the breeding pair have large heads with wide shoulders, but natural whelping is the norm. Shorty Bulls can lead active lives in busy environments or can adapt to quieter lifestyles with short periods of daily exercise. They are suitable for any age and are particularly tolerant of children. Grooming is minimal and a good brushing once a week will keep them shiny and clean. Housebreaking is easily accomplished when a routine is followed for a period of time. Shorty Bulls are definitely creatures of habit. Crate training is also recommended to begin at a young age and again, routine is key to good crate habits.

        The Shorty Bull is a big dog in a small package. All the things I enjoyed with my large dogs is possible to some extent with the Shorties. They have a comical personality which defines their individuality and a zest for life that makes owning a Shorty Bull an experience all it’s own.

 By Jamie Sweet, Shorty Bull's Founder.What began as a personal challenge to test my own breeding theories and to conquer the quest to custom build a bulldog became the Shorty Bull as we know it today. By combining the traits I wanted to preserve and by using several established breeds the Shorty Bull is now it’s own breed and carries it’s own distinct traits and characteristics that sets it apart from the foundation breeds used in the process.

        Many of the Shorty Bulls have received their Canine Good Citizen Certifications over the years. Some of my personal Shorties have received their ATTS certifications from the American Temperament Testing Society. Stability and strong nerves are a high priority and I hope to continue to pass that on through the generations. Shorties should be balanced and well rounded, being able to adapt to many different situations and environments. Shorties should never be extremely shy or overly aggressive, although some may develop dominance issues as they age leading them to believe they are bigger than they actually are. Most Shorties do well with other animals when raised together or introduced at a young age but problems can arise when dominant Shorties are introduced to members of the same sex that are also dominant.

         Developed as companion animals, Shorty Bulls are novelty dogs. They are strictly for enjoyment. Given their size, they meet many of the restrictions for city dwellings and adapt easily to a metropolitan lifestyle. Being durable, they are also at home on the farm in a rural setting living outside.

        Shorty Bulls are economical to feed and as a whole are generally very healthy, putting the need for veterinary care at a minimum. Most Shorty Bulls breed and whelp on their own with litters ranging from four puppies to as many as ten with six being the average litter size. As with any breed, an occasional cesarean section may be needed if the breeding pair have large heads with wide shoulders, but natural whelping is the norm. Shorty Bulls can lead active lives in busy environments or can adapt to quieter lifestyles with short periods of daily exercise. They are suitable for any age and are particularly tolerant of children. Grooming is minimal and a good brushing once a week will keep them shiny and clean. Housebreaking is easily accomplished when a routine is followed for a period of time. Shorty Bulls are definitely creatures of habit. Crate training is also recommended to begin at a young age and again, routine is key to good crate habits.

        The Shorty Bull is a big dog in a small package. All the things I enjoyed with my large dogs is possible to some extent with the Shorties. They have a comical personality which defines their individuality and a zest for life that makes owning a Shorty Bull an experience all it’s own.

 By Jamie Sweet, Shorty Bull's Founder.